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Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud

Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (99)
The Messenger of Allah said "When one of you is finished saying the last tashahhud [the final one in his prayer], let him seek refuge in Allah from four: From the torture of the Hell-fire, from the torture in the grave, from the trying misfortunes of life and death, and of the evil of the impostorous messiah [antichrist]".
Reporters

Agreed upon by Bukhări and Muslim. Al-Albăni said it was sound, and that it was reported by Muslim, Ibn Jarood in al-Multaqa , and others. He included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #82.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (100)
It is reported by way of 'A'ishata that the Messenger of Allah used to supplicate, in his prayer: 'Allăhumma 'innee 'a`outhu bika min `athăbil qabri, wa 'a`outhu bika min fitnatil-maseehid-dajjali, wa 'a`outhu bika min fitnatil mahyă wal-mamăti, 'allăhumma 'innee 'a`outhu bika minal-ma'thami wal-maghrami(117)
 
It was then said to him by someone: Oh how often it is that you seek refuge from 'al-maghrami?(118) So he said: "When a person is inflicted with it (al-maghrami) he would talk and lie, and he would make promises and break them".
Footnotes

(117) O' my 'ilăh I seek refuge in You from the torture in the grave, l seek refuge in You from the trying misfortunes [that accompany] the impostorous messiah [antichrist], and I see refuge in You from the trial of living and dying. O' my 'ilah I seek refuge in You from being caught up in sin, and from being caught up in a state indebtedness [or perhaps state of obsession with something or someone. See following footnote.]

(118)) 'Al-maghrami can mean several things in Arabic. It can refer to a state of being overburdened by debt and obligation to pay, it can also take on the meaning of being enamored and inflamed with love. So the word carries meanings of passion, earnest desire, punishment, affliction, hardship, and obligation.

Reporters

Agreed upon by Bukhări and Muslim, and Al-Albăni included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #83.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (101)
It is reported by way of `Abdullăh son of Amru that Abu Bakr As-siddeeq said to the Messenger of Allah : Teach me an invocation [a supplication] which I may petition [Allah] with in my prayer, he said: "Say: 'Allăhumma 'innee thalamtu nafsee thulman katheeran, wa lă yaghfi ruth-thunooba 'illă 'anta, faghfirlee maghfiratan min 'indika, warhamnee, 'innaka 'antal ghafoorur-raheemu(119)."
 
Footnotes

(119) O' my 'ilăh I have transgressed upon myself much transgression, and no one forgives sins except for You, so forgive me a forgiveness from You, and have mercy upon me. You are The Oft-Forgiving. The Merciful.

Reporters

Agreed upon by Bukhări and Muslim, and is #84 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (102)
Amongst the final things the Messenger of Allah would say in the time period between the end of the tashahhud and before the tasleem(120) is: 'Allăhumma 'ighfirlee mă qaddamtu wa mă 'akh-khartu, wa mă 'asrartu wa mă 'a`lantu, wa mă 'asraftu wa ma 'anta 'a`lamu bihi minnee, 'antal-muqaddimu wa 'antal-mu'akh-khiru', lă 'ilăha 'illa 'anta(121)
 
Footnotes

(120) The two salutations that end the Muslim's prayer.

(121) O' my 'ilăh forgive me what I have set forth, what I have delayed [yet not done], what I have kept secret, what I have made open, what I have acted immoderately in, and what You are more knowledgeable about than I am. You are The Advancer and The Delayer, there is no 'ilăh except You.

Explanation: The Advancer of whatever needs to be advanced, be it verdict or action. He advances what He pleases, and however He pleases. That which He advances is advanced, and that which He delays is delayed. All wisdom is in what He does; even when the wisdom is unknown to us.

Reporters

Reported by Muslim and is #85 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (103)
The Prophet said to a man: "What do you say in your salat?'', He said: I say the tashahhud and then I say: 'Allăhumma I ask You Paradise and I seek refuge in You from Hell-Fire. I am not well capable of the like of your murmuring, nor the murmuring of Mu'ăth, the Prophet then said: "It is about that that we murmur".
Reporters

Found in Sunan Abi Dăwood. Al-Albăni said it was of sound ascription, and that An-Nawawi and Al-Bouseeri said it was sound. It is # 86 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (104)
'Ammaru bin Yasirin prayed a prayer (salăt); however, it was short, so some of the people said to him: You made the salăt very light - or very brief - He said: Oh! but that's on me. You see I invoked Allah in my salat with a few invocations which I have heard from the Messenger of Allah , then when he got up to leave a man from among them followed him and asked him what the invocation was? So he said: 'Allăhumma bi`ilmikal-ghayba wa qudratika `alal-khalqi, 'ahyinee mă `alimtal-hayăta khayran lee, wa tawaffanee 'ithă `alimtal-wafăta khayran lee, 'allăhumma 'innee 'as'aluka khashyataka fil-ghaybi wash-shahadati, wa 'as'aluka kalimatal-haqqi firridhă wal-ghadhabi, wa 'as'aluka 'al-qasda fil faqri wal ghină, wa 'as'aluka na`eeman la yanfadu, wa 'as'aluka qurrata `eynin la tanqati`u, wa 'as'aluka arridha ba`dal qadă'i, wa 'as'aluka bardal `ayshi ba`dal mawti, wa 'as'aluka lath-thatan-nathari 'ilă wajhika, wash-shawqa 'ilă liqă'ika fee ghayri dhrră'a mudhirratin, wa lă fitnatin mudhillatin, 'allăhumma zayyinnă bizeenatil-'eemani waj`alnă hudătan mahtadeena(122)
 
Footnotes

(122) O' my 'ilăh with your knowledge of the hidden, and your ability to create, keep me alive as long as life is good for me according to your knowledee, and take my soul back at the time in your Knowledge that death becomes better for me. O' my 'ilăh I ask You that I fear You in secrecy and in the open. I ask You that I utter the word of Truth at times when I am satisfied and when I am angry, I ask You moderation at times of poverty and wealth, I ask You favors and delight that do not run out, I ask You consolation which does not desist, I ask You acceptance of what is decreed, I ask You cool living after death, I ask You the pleasure of looking at your Face, and a longing to meet You without damage that is harmful, and without a trying misfortune that takes me astray. O' my 'ilăh decorate us with the ornaments of faith, and make us rightly guided guides [to the true religion].

Reporters

Reported by An-Nisă'ee. Al-Albăni said it was sound, and that so did Al-Hăkim and Ath-Thahabi. It is #87 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (105)
After having ended his salăt the Messenger of Allah used to ask for forgiveness three times [for example: 'Astaghfirullăha  ], then he would say Allăhumma 'antas-salamu(123), wa minkas-salămu, tabărakta yă thaljalăli wal 'ikrămi(124)
 
Footnotes

(123) As-Salamu is Allah. Al-Qurtubee said that As-Salămu means the one that is free from flaws. Ibn Al-'Arabi said: The scholars, may Allah have mercy upon them, have agreed that the meaning of As-Salăm is the attribution of Salămata to Allah which means to be safe, and to be free from vice and defect. The scholars then differed in how they attributed Salămata to Allah, they were of three opinions. The first that Allah is free from every defect and flaw. The second that Allah is the one that conveys peace upon his worshippers in paradise as in the verse  (Salămun: a statement from a merciful Lord). The third meaning is that his creation has been kept safe and free of injustice on his part. As-Salăm is also explained to mean that Allah is the one that keeps those of his creation whom He wills safe. This explanation was translated from 'Aqd 'Azzabarjad fee Tahiyyat 'Ummat Muhammad which was written by As'ad ' Al-'Usaymee.

(124) O' my 'ilăh You are 'As-Salăm [see footnote #123], and from You comes Salăm [peace, or safety], blessed are Thee O' haver of glory and kindness.

Reporters

Reported by Muslim, and Al-Albăni included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (106)
After completion of his prayer the Messenger of Allah used to say: Lă 'ilăha 'illă 'allăhu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku, wa lahul hamdu, wahuwa `ală kulli shay'in qadeerun, 'allăhumma la măni`a lima 'a`tayta, wa la mu`tiya limă mana`ta, wala yanfa`u thal jaddi minkal addu(125)
 
Footnotes

(125) There is no 'ilăh except Allah alone, no associate does He have, his is the Kingdom, to Him is All-Praise, and He is all able to do all things. O' my 'ilăh there is none to prevent what You have given, nor is there anyone to give what You have prevented, nor is the jadd [this word can mean luck, success, wealth, and/or greatness] of a person possessing such jadd of any benefit to that person from You [meaning in the face of anything You have willed against him].

Reporters

Agreed upon by Bukhări and Muslim, and is #89 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (107)
It is reported by way of 'Abdullăh ibn 'Az-Zubayr that he used to say after each salăt at about the time of tasleem(126) La 'ilaha 'illă 'allăhu wahdahu lă shareeka lahu, lahul mulku, wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa `ală kulli shay'in qadeerun, la hawla wa lă quwwata 'illă bil-lăhi, Iă 'ilăha 'illa 'allăhu, wa la na`budu 'illă 'iyyăhu, lahun-ni`matu, wa lahul-fadhlu, wa lahu 'ath-thana 'ul-hasanu, la 'ilăha 'illa 'allăhu, mukhliseena lahud-deena wa law karihal-kăfiroona(127)
 
The Messenger of Allah used to say these at the end of each prayer.
Footnotes

(126)The action of turning to the right then to the left and saying "'Al-Salămu 'Alaykam .." upon each.

(127)There is no 'ilăh except Allah alone, no associate does He have, his is the Kingdom, to Him is All-Praise, and He is well able to do all things. There is neither might nor strength except by Allah. There is no 'ilăh except Allah, and we worship not any one except Him. His are the bounties, his is the favor, and to Him all good commemoration and praise is due. There is no 'ilăh except Allah, [we are] sincerely faithful to Him in our life, even if the infidels hate that.

Reporters

Reported by Muslim, and is #90 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (108)
It is reported by way of Abi Hurayrata that some of the poor folk from among the emigrants came to the Messenger of Allah and submitted: The wealthy have made off with the high ranks and permanent bounties. They pray as we do, and they fast as we do; however, they have excess wealth and personal properties which they use to perform pilgrimage, to perform 'Umrah, to perform jihăd, and to give in charity. He said "May I tell you something by which you would reach those who proceeded you, overtake those who succeeded you, and no one would be better than you except for one that would have done the like of that which you have done? They said: "Yes, O' Messenger of Allah, He said: "Make tasbeeh(128), tahmeed, and takbeer, after each salăt 33 times". Abu Sălih said(129): Say Subhăna 'allăhi, 'al-hamdu lil-lăhi, and 'allăhu 'akbaru,
 
till you have said 33 of them all".
Footnotes

(128)Tasbeeh is to say Subhăna 'allăhi; Tahmeed is to say 'Al-hamdu lillăhi; Takbeer is to say 'Allăhu 'akbaru.

(129)He is the tăbi`ee [one who met a companion of the Prophet believing in the Prophet and died that way] that reported this hadeeth.

Reporters

Agreed upon by Bukhari and Muslim, and Al-Albăni included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #91.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (109)
It is reported by way of the Messenger of Allah that he said: "Whoever makes tasbeeh after each salăt 33 times, tahmeed 33 times, takbeer 33 times, and completes a hundred by saying: Lă 'ilăha 'illă 'allăhu wahdahu lă shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa `ala kulli shay'in qadeerun(130),
 
his sins would be forgiven even if they were as plentiful as the foam of the sea.
Footnotes

(130)There is no 'ilsah except Allah alone, no associate does He have. His is the Kingdom, to Him is All-Praise, and He is well able to do all things.

Reporters

Reported by Muslim and is #92 in The Authentic of Good Sayings.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (110)
It is reported of the Messenger of Allah that he said: "Two qualities, or attributes, no Muslim would mantain them except that he would enter Paradise, and they are easy yet few people mantain them: To make tasbeeh of Allah [for example saying Subhăna 'allăhi(131) ] after each salăt ten times, to make tahmeed of Him [for example, saying Al-hamdu lil-lăhi(132) ] ten times, and to declare His greatness [for example saying 'allăhu akbaru(133) ] ten times. That would add up to one hundred and fifty [merits, counting all five prayers] by the tongue, and one thousand five hundred in the balance. And to make takbeer 34 times when he has gone to bed, tahmeed 33 times, and tasbeeh 33 times. That would add up to one hundred by the tongue, and one thousand in the balance.

He said, for I have seen the Messenger of Allah count them with his hand(134). They asked O' Messenger of Allah! How is it that this is such an easy thing, yet those that practice it are so few? He said: "He comes to you - meaning shaytăn when ready to sleep - and makes him fall asleep before saying [the above mentioned remembrance of Allah], and he comes to him iat prayer time and reminds him of things that he needs so as to make him hurry off before saying [the above mentioned remembrance of Allah]."

Footnotes

(131) Glory be to Allăh.

(132) All praise be to Allăh.

(133) Allah is greater [than all].

(134) Note that this is a reference to a single hand. Abu Dawood's narration which is of sound ascription adds that "he would count them with his right hand". Counting with both hands is thus inconsistent with the Sunnah. Example uses of the right hand are in offering people things, accepting things from others, shaking hands, eating, and drinking. Example uses of the left hand are in blowing one's nose, holding something dirty, washing after use of the rest-room, and touching the private parts.

Reporters

Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithi, and An-Nisă'ee. Al-Albăni mentioned a report by Abu Dawood saying that the Prophet used to count them with his right hand, that it was of sound ascription in his view, and that An-Nawawi said it was comely in his Al-Athkăr. Al-Albăni included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #93.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (111)
It is reported of 'Uqbata bin 'Amir that he said: "The Messenger of Allah ordered that I read The Mu`awwithăt(l35) after every salăt".
Footnotes

(135) This is a reference to the last two suwar (called chapters in English) of the Qur'an.

Reporters

Reported by Abu Dawood, At-Tirmithi, and An-Nisa'ee. Al-Albăni said that it was also reported by Ahmad. He said it was of sound ascription, and that Ibn Hibban said it was sound. He included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #94.

 
Supplication in the Prayer and after the Tashahud (112)
It is reported of Mu'ăth bin Jabal that he said that the Messenger of Allah took him by the hand and said "O' Mu'ăth I do by Allah love you, so make sure you never give up saying 'Allăhumma 'a`innee `ală thikrika washukrika, wa husni `ibădatika(136)
 
after every salăt.
Footnotes

(136 ) O' my 'ilăh help me in establishing your remembrance, thanking You, and worshipping You properly.

Reporters

112. Reported by Abu Dawood, and An-Nisa'ee; and Al-Albăni said its ascription is sound, and that all the men in its chain of ascription were trustworthy. He included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #95.

© 1993 Waleed Al-Essa
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Authentic Supplications of the Prophet

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