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Duaas between the adhaan and iqaamah

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate
 
I would like to know what duaas to say before adhaan and iqomah and after adhaan and iqomah.

Praise be to Allaah.  

1 – With regard to du’aa’ before the adhaan, there is no du’aa’ to be recited before the adhaan as far as I know. If that time is singled out for any type of du’aa’, this is a reprehensible innovation (bid’ah). But if it is done by coincidence and accidentally then there is nothing wrong with it. 

2 – With regard to before the iqaamah, when the muezzin is about to start the iqaamah, we know of no specific words to be recited at this time. Doing so when there is no solid shar’i evidence is a reprehensible innovation (bid’ah). 

3 – With regard to the time between the adhaan and iqaamah, du’aa’ is encouraged at this time and it is mustahabb. 

It was narrated that Anas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Du’aa’ is not rejected between the adhaan and iqaamah, so make du’aa’.”

(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 212; Abu Dawood, 437; Ahmad, 12174 – this version narrated by him. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 489). 

There is a specific du’aa’ to be narrated immediately after the adhaan: 

It was narrated from Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever says when he hears the call to prayer: ‘Allaahumma Rabba haadhihi’l-da’wat il-taammah wa’l-salaat il-qaa’imah, aati Muhammadan il waseelata wa’l-fadeelah, wab’athhu maqaaman mahmoodan illadhi wa’adtah (O Allaah, Lord of this perfect call and the prayer to be offered, grant Muhammad the privilege (of intercession) and also the eminence, and resurrect him to the praised position that You have promised),’ my intercession for him will be permitted on the Day of Resurrection.”

(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 589). 

4 – With regard to du’aa’ after the iqaamah, we know of no evidence for that. If any specific du’aa’ is made in the absence of any sound evidence, it is an innovation (bid’ah). 

5 – With regard to du’aa’ at the time of the adhaan, it is Sunnah to repeat what the muezzin is saying, except when he says “Hayya ‘ala’l-salaah, hayya ‘ala’l-falaah (Come to prayer, come to success),” when you should say ‘Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah (there is no power and no strength except with Allaah).”  

It was narrated that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If the muezzin says ‘Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar’ and one of you says, ‘Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar’; then he says ‘Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah’ and you say ‘Ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah’; then he says, ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasool Allaah’ and you say, ‘Ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasool Allaah’; then he says, ‘Hayya ‘ala’l-salaah’ and you say ‘Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah’; then he says, ‘Hayya ‘ala’l-falaah’ and you say ‘Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah’; then he says, ‘Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar’ and you say, ‘Allaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar’; then he says ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah’ and you say, ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah’ from the heart, you will enter Paradise.”

(Narrated by Muslim, 385). 

6 – With regard to making du’aa’ at the time of the iqaamah, some of the scholars regarded it as being like the adhaan, so it is mustahabb to repeat the words. Other scholars did not regard it as mustahabb, because of the weakness of the hadeeth which speaks of repeating the words of the iqaamah. These scholars include Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem, in al-Fataawa, 2/136, and Shaykh al-‘Uthaymeen in al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 2/84. 

It is a mistake to say “Aqaamaha Allaah wa adaamaha Allaah” when the muezzin says “Qad qaamat il-salaah,” because the hadeeth narrated concerning that is da’eef (weak). 

It was narrated from Abu Umaamah or from one of the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that Bilaal began to recite the iqaamah and when he said, “Qad qaamat il-salaah,” the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Aqaamaha Allaah wa adaamaha Allaah.” And he said concerning the rest of the iqaamah something like what is mentioned in the hadeeth of ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) about the adhaan.

(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 528. This hadeeth was classed as da’eef (weak) by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar in al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 1/211) 

And Allaah knows best.

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